L’Ashtanga Yoga: The eight branches of Yoga
Yoga is an age-old science which has as its key reference text of the Yoga Sutara Patanjal, a collection of 196 sutras (aphorisms) divided into four books. This track the Indian philosophical text precisely the
path through which the yogi (a practitioner of yoga) can get all’illuminzione. Yoga as described in this book is also called Ashtanga Yoga referring to the eight (ashta) limbs (anga) of which it is composed. A real path that develops during practice, ancient teachings today more relevant than ever.
- Yama = Control
- Niyama = Observation
- Asana = Posture
- Pranayama = Control of life’s energy
- Pratiyahara = Retraction
- Dharana = Concentration
- Dhyana = Contemplation
- Samadhi = Ecstasy
Within Yama and Niyama, ethical behavior towards themselves and towards others are these subgroups:
The six “abstentions” or even better the things that have control
- ahimsā: non-violence towards ourselves and towards others, understood as kindness and loving-kindness towards people, the environment and the things
- satya: the benevolent truth
- asteya: do not take what belongs to us. It also means that if someone entrusts something or gives us his confidence, we must not avvantaggiarcene for personal purposes
- brahmacarya: the vision of Brahma (the creator principle) in all things
- aparigraha: abstaining from superfluous.
The five “observances“
- śauca: physical and mental health
- samtosa: The serene attitude towards life, modesty and ability to rejoice in what you have
- tapas: service, self-sacrifice
- svādhyāya: the study of themselves by listening and the study of texts in order to have points of reference on which to build.
- iśvara-pranidhāna: the abandonment of our actions to a superior will, let go of the attachment of their actions.
The practice of asanas in Traditional Yoga aims to bring sadaka (spiritual seeker) to maintain
comfortably in the position for long hours of meditation, Patanjali writes in the Yoga Sutras: “sthira sukham asanam“, the position must be maintained comfortably and consciously.
Breathing techniques dedicated to the control of vital energy of the body and mind as a result.
The practice of retraction of the mind from the outside world, from the body and from the rough levels of it.
The concentration, the ability to bring the mind in the object of its meditation.
The state in which the mind, free from distractions, surrenders himself to meditation.
When it who contemplates the contemplated object and the act of contemplating blend, is reached
the Union, Yoga. Samadhi while being a stage is reached, it can become a practice for one who